- Imperatives are verbs used to give orders, commands, warning or instructions, and to make a request.
– Give me that tape, please!
To make the imperative, use the infinitive of the verb without “to”.
– Come here!
– Sit down!
To make a negative, put “do not” or “don’t” before the verb.
– Don’t go!
– Do not walk on the grass.
You can also use “let’s” before the verb if you are including yourself in the imperative. The negative of “let’s” is “let’s not”.
– Let’s stop now.
– Let’s not tell her about it.
Adults do not usually give each other orders, unless they are in a position of authority. However, adults can give orders to children and to animals. The intonation of an order is important, each word is stressed and the tone falls at the end of the sentence.
– Sit down now!
You can use the imperative to warn someone of danger. All the words in the warning are stressed, but the last word has a higher tone than the first word.
– Don’t cross!
– Look out!
When you give advice using the imperative, the words are stressed normally.
– Don’t drink alcohol.
– Don’t eat heavy meals.
You can also use the imperative to make a request, but you should use a polite word before the verb.
– Please wait here.
– Please don’t smoke here.
- Example of announcement that using imperative sentence.